when building a house รับสร้างบ้านโคราช or build tall buildings Sanitation systems are important to the building in terms of internal water management. and outside the building in all forms to be proportional convenient to use and is safe and harmless It is also important for indoor occupants in terms of factors that promote good living hygiene.
Therefore, the use of water or wastewater management in the building and outside the building must take into account the placement of the sanitary system that is the nature correct engineering and hygiene to achieve good performance in use and convenient to maintain throughout the lifetime
How many types of sanitary systems are there?
according to international design standards and in Thailand sanitary system can be divided into 7 systems:
1. Good water system or tap water (Cold water pipe system)
is a pipe system used to transport clean water to various points in the building, such as water supply systems for bathrooms, kitchens, washing rooms, or fire-fighting systems in buildings, etc.
2. Soil pipe system
is a pipe system that takes the waste water that is used from the toilet Or the urinal from the area and put into the sewage system before draining outside the building.
3. Waste pipe system
is a pipe system that carries wastewater that has been used by other activities leave the area and brought into the wastewater treatment system before draining outside the building.
4. Water treatment system
is a system used to treat water from indoor use to have an index to measure the properties of water to be within the specified standards before discharging into the public drainage system
5. Vent pipe system or air duct (Vent pipe system)
is a pipe system that will be installed into the sewer system To prevent vacuum problems in the drain line. This will allow the drainage system in the pipe line to be able to drain water easily.
6. Rain drainage pipe system
is a pipe system that serves to transport rainwater that occurs in the event of rain from the building
7. Building sewer system
is a sewer system around the building Serves to transport water from the building to the public drainage system.
Types of Sanitary Pipe
for the sanitation system Pipes are considered as the main material. And it is an important element that contributes to the complete functioning of the sanitation system. which in terms of design and material selection of sanitary pipes in Thailand Pipes used in sanitation systems can be divided into the following categories:
– Galvanized steel plumbing pipes
Also known as a water pipe, a water pipe, is a pipe suitable for use in the water delivery system. utilities (Plumbing work) and pipe work in irrigation systems
It looks like a round steel pipe, plated with galvanizing. and galvanized There are both threaded ends, yellow tying, blue tying, smooth ending, red tying with strong properties. Good weight Resistant to impact, not bent resistant to corrosion Resistant to high pressure and temperature
– PVC pipes of various colors (Polyvinyl chloride or PVC)
blue pvc pipe It is a pipe suitable for indoor use. or indoors only with thickness according to the pressure level of the pipe It is commonly used in sanitation applications such as being used as a water pipe for drinking water systems. or used with a water pump system or sewer work
gray pvc pipe It is a pipe used for agriculture. or only waste water There is a limit in strength. Suitable for use in a floating walk, should not be buried in the ground because it may be easily broken and damaged.
– polyethylene pipe (Polyethylene)
Also known as P.E. pipe, it is a black pipe. The hose is highly flexible. Because it uses heat to connect, it is durable and can be easily bent without joints. which can be used instead of steel water pipes or PVC pipes
– polybutylene pipe (Polybutylene)
It is also known as P.B. pipe. It is generally similar to P.E. pipe. It has heat resistant properties. can be used as a hot water pipe
– HDPE (High Density Polyethylene) pipe
It is a lightweight pipe. not easily broken able to bend Easy installation without the need for glue Can be used as a cold water pipe and hot water pipes They last quite a long time. but may deteriorate faster if received ultraviolet light With sunlight for a long time, so it is popular to use indoors or areas that are not too sunny.
– Pipe PP-R 80 (Random Copolymer Polypropylene 80)
It is a pipe made of clean plastic. Free from contaminants or toxic substances that are harmful to humans. The service life is not less than 30 years and can be used with other types of pipes. used as a hot water pipe and normal temperature water The price is quite high. and requires an expert to install
– PE-lined steel pipe made of galvanized steel
It is a contaminant-free pipe. have strong durability can prevent rust Able to withstand water pressure well Can be used as a hot water pipe and normal temperature water, easy to install, but the price is quite high
– copper pipe
It is a seamless pipe. Physical characteristics of the material are non-porous. Since it is a pure metal containing 99.99% copper, it can prevent the absorption of bacteria. and resistant to corrosion, not rust, commonly used as a hot water pipe because of its durability and good heat retention It also has a relatively low growth rate. good pressure resistance have a long service life
– Cement pipe or paper tile pipe
It is a pipe that is homogeneous throughout, without seams, which is not very resistant to pressure. It is commonly used in sewage drainage applications. Industrial water delivery work and water delivery for agriculture
In addition to the aforementioned content Designing a sanitary system to suit the building effectively may not have a fixed pattern.
It may depend on the type of usage requirements, building type, building size and the context of building location. Sometimes the design has to be adjusted to be flexible at some point. for suitability for use and appropriately related to various factors and meets safety standards according to architectural and engineering design principles