Urinary Tract Infections And Why Are They Common In Females?

Urinary tract infection or UTI is an infection that occurs in the urinary tract. The urinary tract consists of two kidneys, two ureters arising from each kidney, a urinary bladder, and a urethra.

Most urinary tract infections occur in the lower tract, including the bladder and the urethra. Females are at more risk of getting UTIs as compared to males because of the anatomical difference in their urinary tracts.

Urinary tract infections can be painful and can become serious if left untreated.

If you have any signs and symptoms of a UTI, you should visit the health care provider as soon as possible.

Sometimes a urinary tract infection may not cause any symptoms, but the common symptoms it may show up are:

  • burning in urine pain while urinating
  • blood in the urine
  • fever
  • palpitations

If you have any symptoms of a urinary tract infection, you can consult with a urologist.

Urinary tract infections mostly occur due to bacteria. Therefore your health care provider will prescribe you antibiotics to treat them. Along with antibiotic intake, you must practice tips that can help reduce the occurrence of urinary tract infections.

Drinking plenty of water can help prevent urinary tract infections. When you don’t drink enough water, your kidneys can not flush out toxins. Therefore the chances of UTI increase many times.

Why Are Females More Prone to Urinary Tract Infections?

Females are more prone to urinary tract infections compared to males due to the following reasons.


Women have a shorter urethra as compared to men, which makes them prone to catch a urinary tract infection. Due to this,  bacteria from outside can enter with ease and replicate in the urinary bladder, but men have a larger urethra due to which bacteria have to travel more, which in turn, reduces the chances of getting a UTI.

The average length of a woman’s ureter is one to two inches, whereas, for a man, it is six inches, which makes it difficult for the bacteria to reach inside the urinary tract.

Sexual Activity

Women who are sexually active for at risk of getting urinary tract infections. When a insert the penis into the vagina during sex, it can push the bacteria present in the urinary tract towards the urinary bladder, which in turn, increases the risk of getting a UTI.

Birth Control Methods

Women who use certain types of birth control methods are at risk of getting urinary tract infections compared to those who do not, such as spermicide that kills the sperm inside the vagina are capable of causing urinary tract infection because they alter the pH of the vagina.


Women who have reached menopause are at increased risk of getting a urinary tract infection because their vagina gets thinner due to a drop in estrogen level. For that, your healthcare providers may prescribe estrogen tablets for a cream to be applied to the vagina.


Pregnant women often develop a urinary tract infection during pregnancy because the baby puts the weight on the urinary bladder. Due to this, their bladder cannot get empty completely, and some urine is still left in it. The urine present there can become a hub of bacterial growth.

Pregnant women may need to urinate more frequently. Sometimes, a urinary tract infection may not show any symptoms during pregnancy, but it may be there.

To know about a UTI, your healthcare providers may ask you to get frequent urinary analysis to be done. If there is any infection, they will prescribe you antibiotics that are safe during pregnancy to get rid of the infection.

Placement of Urethra

The female urethra is placed close to the anus, which can increase the risk of getting a urinary tract infection.

In your digestive system, there is a bacteria known as E.coli that is healthy for digestion and is present in the stool.

If you wipe from back to front, it can increase the chances of contamination in the urinary tract leading to infection.

If you have a urinary tract infection, you can visit a urologist in Lahore.

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