Water pumps Buying Guide in Kenya

A pump is a hydraulic machine used to increase the mechanical energy of a liquid. In most cases, the liquid used is water. The pumps are of different types and sizes, depending on the tasks they can perform. This article will major on the pump used for water purposes only.

The Latest Trend In Water Pump

When purchasing any item, there are factors you should consider. The same applies when purchasing a pump. There are different types of pumps in the market, and you may be misled not knowing the correct one you want and its purpose. Below are some of the critical factors you should consider before purchasing the pump.

Flow rate

Flow rate is defined as the time taken by a pump to pump any liquid. It is measured in litres/minutes. Flow rate describes the effectiveness of a pump. Pumps used in large job sites or large irrigation schemes popularly known as irrigation water pumps should have a higher flow rate of over 2500 litres per minute. In contrast, pumps used for domestic purposes can have a lower flow rate.

Size of the inlet

The sizes of inlets differ from one pump to another, most ranging between 1-6 inches and others even more. A pump with a small inlet will pump little water compared to a pump with a larger inlet. Hence, you will require a pump with a larger inlet to save time in faster job operations.

Power to run the pump

Pumps cannot run on their own; they need a power source. Some of the power sources may be electricity, diesel, or petrol. Consider purchasing a pump that will use the power source you can afford or reach easily at a low cost.

Maximum head and pressure

The maximum head is the longest height the pump can pump the required liquid. A water pump having a maximum head of 50 metres cannot pump water for a height exceeding 50 metres since the flow rate is zero.

Generally, it would be best to choose a pump with a higher maximum head than the height you prefer to pump the water. If your water source is shallow, you should look for a pump with lower maximum lead.

Quality of the pump

Different brands of pumps have different qualities of performance. The motor or the engine describes the quality of the pump. Before purchasing the pump, conduct online research or ask relevant people the qualities needed for the pump you want. Buying water pump without knowing the required qualities, you may end up wasting money.


Costs include the initial and maintenance costs, which differ from domestic to large-scale pumps. Domestic water pumps will be cheaper than larger-scale operations pumps.

Also, the domestic and job sites pumps themselves will differ in price. The expensive ones will be more durable than the cheaper ones; hence, their maintenance costs will be low.

Before buying a pump, ensure you consider factors (some listed above) for effective working. The factors you choose should correspond to the operations you intend to carry out. Using pumps for domestic purposes in large job sites or irrigation schemes will be wastage of time.