Electric generators/batteries produce Electrical Power and its SI unit is 1 Joule per second. As we know about the Resistors tutorial, where Ohm’s Law can be used easily. But what about the tricky circuits following either bridge or T network. It is not allowed to go with Ohm’s law-oriented formula to figure out the voltages/current circulating all across the circuit. To solve this calculation, it requires specific rules allowing you to figure out the circuit equations. Therefore, this circuit law called Kirchhoff is used.
Reasons To Use Kirchhoff’s, Circuit Laws
Learning any term or rule cannot be helpful until you do not know where to use them. Most candidates get confused about the use of this law. Why are Kirchhoff’s Circuit Laws used? The motto of this law is solving tricky circuit problems following a set of basic network laws, voltage theorems, and current all across the circuit. Here, we are going to explain in simple and easy words so that you could have a better understanding of this.
- When it comes to circuit analysis, Kirchhoff’s Circuit Laws is regarded as the 2nd of his fundamental laws. Its voltage law indicates a closed-loop oriented path. Talking about an algebraic sum of the voltage around any closed loop is equal to “0.” Therefore, it is ΣV = 0.
- It happens since energy is lost because since a circuit a loop carries a closed conducting path. This law is also called Conservation of Energy since it moves around a closed-loop only. To put it in simple words, you would be ending up back right from the point from where you kicked off in the circuit.
- It means the same initial potential would not be having any loss of voltage around the loop. Therefore, any dropped voltage around the loop is required to be equal to any voltage source met along the way. Talking about the algebraic sign, it is (+ and -) of the voltage drops around elements.
It is called Kirchhoff’s law since a brilliant German Physicist introduced it. He developed a pair/set of laws regarding this in 1845. These rules are quite good to figure out when the conversation of current and energy runs across the electrical circuit. There are two laws –
- Kirchhoff’s Circuit Laws which is one out of two Kirchhoff’s laws known to deal with the current running all around a closed circuit,
- Now, come to the 2nd Kirchhoff’s Current Law in which the other law deals with the voltage sources available in a closed circuit. It is about voltage law and that is why it is called Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law, (KVL).
While studying these laws, you must also be aware of the highly Common DC Theory-oriented terms. If you do not consider them, chances are high to get confused while solving them. Let’s understand this in a better way –
- Circuit – Most students get confused about this term called Circuit. To put it in simple words, it is a closed-loop responsible to make a path in what an electrical current runs through.
- Path – The next on the list is “Path” most often used while solving these equations. It is all about a single line responsible to connect elements or sources.
- Node – What is a node? To put in simple words a node can be called either junction or terminal presented with the circuit where 2 or more circuit elements are connected responsible for a connection point between two/more branches. While solving a theory, a dot is used to indicate a node.
- Branch – Most of you probably be thinking about what does it mean by Branch. To put it in simple words, a branch is called either a single or component group like resistors which leads to build up a connection between 2 nodes.
- Loop – A key term called loop means a simple closed path in a circuit where the current element or node is encountered only one time.
- Mesh – It is called Mesh because of not containing any other sort of path. You would not find any loop inside a mesh.
You must be clear about these above-mentioned key terms so that you would not get confused while solving these equations. Hope these simply explored key terms helped you to have a better understanding.
Hope you got all the needed aspects related to circuit laws. We tried our best to make it easier and simple. Keep practicing to memorize all required points effortlessly. Do always enjoy studying to get it memorized without any extra pressure.